There is a direct connection with substance abuse and related heart ailments, strokes included. To reduce chances of a stroke, one needs to seriously seek help for addiction.
My friend’s dad just had an ischemic stroke a few weeks ago. I remember him complaining of numbness and tingling in his arms all the way down to his fingers. He said that he was having difficulty smelling and tasting his food and had blurred visions while he was watching television. Then, just as he stood up to get a drink, he said he felt dizzy and eventually passed out. We really freaked out and called 911, waited for an ambulance to come and get him. It was only when we reached the hospital when we discovered that his dad just had a minor stroke.
Transient ischemic attack, which is also known in the medical world as a minor or mini stroke, happens when blood supply to the brain is temporarily blocked or cut off. It begins suddenly and lasts only for a few minutes, which usually resolves within 24 hours. What my friend’s dad experienced were some of the symptoms of TIA, which may also include confusion, balance issues, and difficulty in speaking. Oftentimes, these symptoms are warning signs of a major stroke building up. This article discusses some measures on how to prevent major strokes from happening after a transient ischemic attack.
How to Prevent Major Strokes
Although a transient ischemic attack does not cause permanent brain damage, it poses a risk of a second and a more dangerous stroke, which is deadlier and may present the person with permanent disabilities. When a person suffers from a TIA or a mini stroke, there is a greater risk of recurrent strokes. In America, one in four people who have had a stroke will have a second one in their lifetime. Seeing the doctor regularly and talking to therapists is recommended for individuals who have had mini strokes.
By being aware of the risk factors, people who suffered from TIA can avoid experiencing a recurrent stroke. Smoking and too much alcohol consumption are sure-fire habits that double the chances of another stroke. Blood pressure must be monitored regularly. Individuals are also advised to keep track of their blood pressure because this is modifiable and may change depending on the person’s way of life.
Taking proper medications also help in maintaining the integrity of the brain and other organs of the body. Aspirin is an antiplatelet medicine that is used by most people to prevent blood clots and cause further damage to the brain. Warfarin and rivaroxaban are also popular medications that are used in anticoagulation therapy.
Physical activity is a critical factor in helping individuals lower their blood pressure and lessen the amount of fat in their body, which in turn greatly lowers the risk of a major stroke. Some individuals may be restricted to mild and moderate forms of exercise such as walking, dancing, and jogging, while others have a stable blood pressure and can do vigorous activities like running, swimming, and cycling.
Like all diseases, an individual always stands a chance of preventing further aggravation by keeping himself happy and stress-free. One should not delve too much into pressing matters that can cause blood pressure to rise. He or She should engage in enjoyable conversations and activities such as going out with family and friends to watch a movie or going on vacations. Live life and remember to try things in moderation. Keep in mind that although a transient ischemic attack is a smaller version of the major ones, it is a prelude to a life-threatening disease that may leave you debilitated forever.