Adjustment disorder is a stress-related mental with a group of emotional symptoms such as feeling anxious, sad or hopeless, and physical symptoms that can occur after experiencing a stressful life event. Adjustment Disorder is a transient condition that can occur when an individual has difficulty dealing with or adjusting to, a specific source of stress. Adjustment Disorder is also often referred to as Stress Response Syndrome. It is not uncommon for people suffering from this disorder to reach out and seek support from a therapist.
A simple internet search with keywords ‘therapist near me’ will give you a list of therapists you can choose from to seek guidance from in dealing with the overwhelming emotions you are trying to process; you can also get suggestions from this Betterhelp article.
How Common Is Adjustment Disorder?
Adjustment disorder is among the most frequent mental health disorders. This disorder can affect anyone, regardless of gender, race, age or lifestyle. There are a number of occurrences that can give rise to this disorder and cannot be prevented but with the correct coping mechanisms, the symptoms and duration can be managed.
What Can Cause Adjustment Disorder?
Adjustment Disorder can occur as a result of:
- The end of relationship or marriage
- Job Loss or changes
- Death of a loved one
- Developing serious or chronic illness (yourself or a loved one)
- Being a victim of crime
- Being in an accident
- Major life change (such as retiring from a job)
- Surviving a disaster (natural or not)
- Adjusting to changes in lifestyle (such as returning to civilian life after serving in the military)
- Changes in family dynamic (especially for children)
- Moving homes or schools
The symptoms can start within three months of the event giving rise to the disorder. Although some of the symptoms of Adjustment Disorder are often similar to the symptoms of depression, such as tearfulness, feelings of hopelessness, loss of interest, etc, Adjustment Disorder does not involve as many of the emotional or physical symptoms of depression such as changes in sleep or appetite. Symptoms can include:
- Feelings of hopelessness
- Feeling Sad
- Frequent bouts of crying
- Feeling anxious and nervous
- Physical symptoms such as headaches or stomachaches
- Heart Palpitations
- Withdrawal from people and social activities or normal routines
- Absence from work or school
- Uncharacteristic dangerous or destructive behavior
How Is Adjustment Disorder Treated?
Seeking therapy to deal with the situation causing the stress is a good way to work through the emotions and worries the situation has given rise to. Therapy will aid you in finding and developing better-coping skills.
You can also seek out the support of support groups in your area. Being part of a group and being able to share and discuss your concerns and feelings with other people who are coping with the same stress is a good way to deal with what you are feeling.
In some cases, under the care a doctor/health facility, medication may be used to help control symptoms such as or sleeping problems.
Can Adjustment Disorder Be Prevented?
There is no way to prevent this from occurring as it is based on the emotional and physical response to an event that can occur at any time. There are however a number of ways to reduce the impact these situations can have on you. With the help of a therapist, you can find ways to cope with the emotions that occur with the event. Finding coping mechanisms will help reduce the severity and duration of the symptoms.
Most often, people with adjustment disorder recover completely with support, therapy or medication. The feelings that occur with Adjustment Disorder are transient and most people adjust within a few months.